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Educational institutions have evolved over the years, thanks to technological advancements.

With smart classrooms and Learning Management Systems (LMS), it is now easier for teachers to conduct interactive learning sessions, map students’ knowledge, and create progress reports.

These advancements make it easier for students to learn efficiently and for teachers to evaluate students with less effort and in less time.

One of the most popular examples of technological growth in education is the shift from traditional classroom/paper-based exams to online examination modes.

What is an online examination?

Online examination is conducted on web-enabled devices like laptops and desktop computers. These exams or tests help to accurately assess a student’s knowledge in a wide range of subjects. 

The main advantage of this examination system is that it can be used to administer paper-less tests and also get instant test results.

What are the different types of online examinations?

Apart from competitive entrance exams, some of the most popular exams administered through online platforms are term/semester exams, campus placements, online mock tests, and other assessments for the education sector. 

Online examination process

Recruiters or educational institutions can easily set up exams through online assessment platforms. There are a plethora of options to choose from, and often one test can be combined with another for quick evaluation of various parameters. 

Subject-matter experts prepare the test questions, and most of the online examination platforms have auto evaluation features to facilitate rapid result generation.

What is an online examination system?

An online examination system is a computer-based test system that can be used to conduct computer based tests online. This examination system uses fewer resources and reduces the need for question papers and answer scripts, exam room scheduling, arranging invigilators, coordinating with examiners, and more. 

How online examination system works?

All the processes involved in a paper-based examination are digitized through online examination systems. Right from student learning assessment and entry-level candidate assessment during campus placements can be done online.

Working process of online examination software:

The first step you’ll have to take is to get an online examination system. You can surf on the Internet and see different kinds of online examination systems around.

Set up the exam

It’s easy to get started with our online examination system. First, you are able to write a short introduction. In this introduction, you can write what participants can expect from your exam. After that, you can add questions (like multiple-choice questions, multiple choices with multiple answers, subjective, objective, etc).

Conduct exam

You can decide the start date and the end date (including hours) for your participants to have access to the exam. After you’ve created the exam, it gives you the chance to put it online. By sharing the URL, participants are able to click on the link that will lead them to the exam.

Evaluate and track progress

After participants made the exam, the creator is able to view the progress of the participants. You’re able to view the statistics per user or get an overall view of the performance of the group.

Online examination solution/software offered by MeritTrac

MeritTrac’s online examination platform Pariksha can help streamline online exam administration. You can create an account and assign a teacher to create subject-specific questions to add in the system. 

You can choose from a range of question types that can make the evaluation process simple and easy. You can also create a question bank and assign random questions to different candidates. 

It greatly reduces the chances of malpractice that comes with leaked question papers. Once you have added the questions, you can share them online with your students on the day of the exam. 

Students can just click on the link, provide their basic details and start the exam. Since most of the answers are auto evaluated within minutes, students can receive their exam results within a short time.

Features of online examination systems offered by MeritTrac

MeritTrac is a trusted provider of online examination management solutions and has helped streamline the process for many educational institutions in India and abroad. Some of the key features of MeritTrac are listed below.

Application processing, exam scheduling and result processing:

  • MeritTrac simplifies application processing through Online/OMR based application forms, online test booking system, SMS/email alerts, e-hall tickets, payment gateway support and more. 
  • It facilitates application filling, submission and processing at any time and from any location. 
  • Scheduling becomes easy with MeritTrac’s exam content management. It provides pre-examination facilities like centre identification and certification. 
  • MeritTrac’s result processing features allow for auto-grading and instant score generation. It will significantly cut down the time and effort taken to equate scores, build a rank list and to upload e-score cards.

Two of the most preferred examination delivery solutions offered by MeritTrac are Just-in-Time Question Paper (JIT-QP) and Digital Evaluation Platform TracMarks. Both of these solutions help ensure secure examination delivery and evaluation. 


With TracMarks, you can distribute encrypted digital copies of paper-based answer scripts to examiners in different locations. The examiners can evaluate the digital copies using an on-screen marking solution

The process involves scanning paper-based answer scripts, transferring the encrypted files to a data centre, providing examiners with access to the answer scripts and retrieving the answer scripts as per your convenience.


Prevents malpractice by encrypting the question papers and delivering them right before the examination.

How to conduct online examination?

To administer a secure online examination, begin by choosing the type of online test you want to deliver, map the candidates who must appear for the examination, and send out email notifications with test details to the candidates. 

The candidates can click on the link provided in the email or login with their details and appear for the exam online.

Online examination solutions offered by MeritTrac for University & Education Institutions

Some of the top online examination management systems provided by MeritTrac are online test booking, test center management, candidate authentication, on-screen marking, equated rank-list generation, and more.

Why Should Educational Institutions Switch to Online Exams?

Schools, colleges and universities have benefited by migrating to the online examination format. If you are yet to upgrade, the below factors may convince you to do so.

1. Evaluate a test effortlessly:

Most of the online examination platforms come with an auto evaluation feature. The questions featured are mostly multiple-choice or true or false. It helps the system to auto evaluate the answers by comparing it with a set of predefined answers. 

Digital evaluation improves the accuracy of evaluation and makes it easy for educators to submit test quicker and with minimal effort.

2. Save time and money:

With the help of online exam solutions, organising an examination becomes even simpler and more efficient. You can conduct an exam by emailing the link for the questions or sending an invite to the students to participate in the exam. 

Students do not have to be physically present in a classroom. If they have access to a web-enabled device, they can appear for the test from any location.

3. Improved security:

Students appearing for the exam can be verified using biometrics-based authentication features. Most of the online examination solutions also provide remote proctoring during the examination, so you do not have to assign staff members for invigilation.

4. Cut costs on paper and save the environment:

Yes, schools and educational institutions use a lot of paper made products like books and journals. The use of question and answer papers in educational institutions can be reduced drastically by conducting exams online. 

Online question papers are created digitally, and students can answer these questions online by choosing the right answer or by typing in their answers.

Purpose of Online Exam Systems

The purpose of the online examination system is to test the subject knowledge of the students. Such a system eliminates logistical hassles and drawbacks in the traditional model of the pen-and-paper examination.

  • Online Exam System is secure
  • Online Exam System helps to give results quickly
  • Online Exam System is flexible
  • Easy generation of question papers
  • Reduces Logistical costs
  • Online Exam System publishes exams automatically
  • Offers different types of questions
  • Compatible for Subjective Exams
  • Reduced Examination Cost
  • Remote Supervision
  • Avoid the problem of Examination Halls
  • Result Analysis and Ranking

How can online examinations help educational institutions?

Every year educational institutions face the highly challenging task of administering exams and evaluating thousands of answer scripts. The administrative process of examination delivery is time-consuming, highly-stressfully and often pose concerns regarding security and bias-free evaluation. 

Online examination platforms come with features to help educators streamline the examination process and overcome many of these hurdles.

Why MeritTrac for online examinations?

MeritTrac’s unique examination solutions cut down the time and effort needed for administrative tasks such as hall ticket distribution, exam hall allocations, candidate verification, and more. 

It improves security through encrypted answer scripts and question papers that are distributed just in time. With its instant report tabulation option, MeritTrac helps cut down the time and cost involved in evaluating answer scripts.

What types of questions are used in online examinations?

Online examinations regularly feature computer-based testing (CBT) and Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) based question types. But MeritTrac also supports evaluation of paper-based answer scripts which are scanned and prepped for on-screen marking. 

This is especially helpful for educational institutions that cannot provide their students access to web-enabled devices or are only just transitioning into technology-enabled classrooms. 

Some of the common types of question featured in online examinations are multiple-choice questions, fill in the blanks, true or false questions and short text-based questions.

What are the USPs of MeritTrac’s online examination platforms?

  • ISO 9001:2008, ISO 27001, and CMMI Level 5 certified
  • 1000 plus certified tests and 45 million assessments
  • 24 million optical mark based tests
  • 100 percent exam transparency
  • Manage large scale test registration, creation, and evaluation
  • Exam administration on online and offline channels


1. What is an online exam?

Online exam is that which is conducted on computer or laptop with the help of internet. It is useful for remote learning where candidates can appear for exams anywhere and anytime. An online examination system is a computer-based test system that can be used to conduct computer-based tests online. This examination system uses fewer resources and reduces the need for question papers and answer scripts, exam room scheduling, arranging invigilators, coordinating with examiners, and more.

2. What are the advantages of online exams?

The advantages of online exams:

  • Security and confidentiality
  • Accessibility and Flexibility
  • Cost saving
  • Time management - Online examination systems make use of computers that helps in saving time.
  • Statistical analysis - On a statistical point of view, compared data can be stored over time. This means that different comparative analysis can be done to analyze the outcomes of exams overtime. Depending on the online exam system used, statistical data can be pulled to analyze different data and create reports.

3. What is the best way to implement an online exam?

Online examination is the best way of conducting exam anytime & anywhere. It is replacing the traditional mode of exam. At this time, there are lot of the provider of web based online exam software but MeritTrac Online Exam software is the most prominent and demanded software for organisation, companies and education industries.

4. What are the features of online examination software?

Features of online exam software

  • Create any exam paper
  • Mobile / Tablet ready
  • Centralized Administration
  • Insightful Reports
  • Enrol Student in Bulk
  • Ease of uploading of question paper